A comprehensive guide to online search

Summary Information

  • Understanding Search Engines
  • Basic Search Techniques
    • Use Keywords: Start with the main words related to your topic.
    • Phrase Search: Use quotes ("") to search for an exact phrase.
    • Exclude Words: Use the minus (-) sign before a word to exclude it from the search results.
  • Advanced Search Techniques
    • Site-Specific Search: Use site: followed by a domain to search within a specific website.
    • Related Sites: Use related: to find sites similar to a specified site.
    • File Type Search: Use filetype: to search for specific file types, like PDF or DOC.
  • Search Operators
    • AND: Ensures both terms appear in the result.
    • OR: Ensures either of the terms appear in the result.
    • NOT: Excludes a term from the search.
  • Evaluating Search Results
    • Check the Domain: Trusted domains like .edu, .gov, or well-known organisations can be more reliable.
    • Publication Date: Recent information might be more relevant for certain topics.
    • Author Credentials: Check the author's qualifications and background.
  • Safety and Privacy
    • Use Private Browsing: This mode doesn't store your browsing history, cookies, or search queries.
    • Consider Using Privacy-focused Search Engines: Such as DuckDuckGo.
    • Avoid Clicking on Suspicious Links: Look for HTTPS and trusted domains.
  • Using Search Tools
  • Staying Updated
    • Google Alerts: Set up alerts for specific keywords to get updates.
    • RSS Feeds: Subscribe to websites to get the latest content.
  • SEO - Search Engine Optimisation

How-to Guide: Using Search Engines (infographic)

Search engines are the gateways to the vast world of the internet. They help users find information, websites, images, videos, and more. Here’s a detailed step-by-step guide on how to use search engines effectively:

Step 1: Choose a Search Engine

There are several search engines available, each with its unique features. Some of the most popular ones include Google, Bing, Yahoo!, DuckDuckGo, and Baidu.

Step 2: Access the Search Engine

Open your preferred web browser and type in the URL of the search engine or simply search for its name.

Step 3: Enter Your Query

In the search bar, type in your query. This could be a question, a phrase, or specific keywords related to what you’re looking for.

Step 4: Use Advanced Search Techniques (Optional)

  • Phrase Search: If you’re looking for an exact phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. E.g., “ancient Egyptian art”.
  • Exclude Words: Use a minus (-) sign before a word to exclude it from the search results. E.g., jaguar -car.
  • Site-Specific Search: To search within a specific website, use site: followed by the domain. E.g., site:wikipedia.org pyramids.

Step 5: Review the Results

Browse through the search results to find the most relevant information. Click on the links to view the full content.

Step 6: Refine Your Search (If Needed)

If you’re not satisfied with the results, consider refining your search terms or using advanced search techniques.

Step 7: Stay Safe

Avoid clicking on suspicious links. Ensure the website you’re visiting has a secure connection (look for HTTPS in the URL).

Advanced Search Info-graphic